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Tài liệu Computer POST beep codes

Discussion in 'Computer Repair' started by bga, Dec 16, 2014.

  1. bga

    bga Moderator

    Dec 12, 2014
    Likes Received:
    Computer POST / beep codes
    Quick links

    POST troubleshooting
    AMI BIOS beep codes
    Award BIOS beep codes
    IBM BIOS beep codes
    Macintosh startup tones
    Phoenix BIOS beep codes
    Motherboard help


    The computer power-on self-test (POST) tests the computer to make sure it meets the necessary system requirements and that all hardware is working properly before starting the remainder of the boot process. If the computer passes the POST the computer will have a single beep (with some computer BIOS manufacturers it may beep twice) as the computer starts and the computer will continue to start normally. However, if the computer fails the POST, the computer will either not beep at all or will generate a beep code, which tells the user the source of the problem.

    If you're receiving an irregular POST or a beep code not mentioned below follow the POST troubleshooting steps to determine the failing hardware component.

    Additional information on the POST and how a computer works?
    AMI BIOS beep codes

    Below are the AMI BIOS Beep codes that can occur. However, because of the wide variety of different computer manufacturers with this BIOS, the beep codes may vary.

    Beep Code Descriptions
    1 short DRAM refresh failure
    2 short Parity circuit failure
    3 short Base 64K RAM failure
    4 short System timer failure
    5 short Process failure
    6 short Keyboard controller Gate A20 error
    7 short Virtual mode exception error
    8 short Display memory Read/Write test failure
    9 short ROM BIOS checksum failure
    10 short CMOS shutdown Read/Write error
    11 short Cache Memory error
    1 long, 3 short Conventional/Extended memory failure
    1 long, 8 short Display/Retrace test failed

    AWARD BIOS beep codes

    Below are Award BIOS Beep codes that can occur. However, because of the wide variety of different computer manufacturers with this BIOS, the beep codes may vary.

    Beep Code Description
    1 long, 2 short Indicates a video error has occurred and the BIOS cannot initialize the video screen to display any additional information
    Any other beep(s) RAM problem.

    If any other correctable hardware issues, the BIOS will display a message.

    IBM BIOS beep codes

    Below are general IBM BIOS Beep codes that can occur. However, because of the wide variety of models shipping with this BIOS, the beep codes may vary.

    Beep Code Description
    No Beeps No Power, Loose Card, or Short.
    1 Short Beep Normal POST, computer is ok.
    2 Short Beep POST error, review screen for error code.
    Continuous Beep No Power, Loose Card, or Short.
    Repeating Short Beep No Power, Loose Card, or Short.
    One Long and one Short Beep Motherboard issue.
    One Long and Two Short Beeps Video (Mono/CGA Display Circuitry) issue.
    One Long and Three Short Beeps. Video (EGA) Display Circuitry.
    Three Long Beeps Keyboard / Keyboard card error.
    One Beep, Blank or Incorrect Display Video Display Circuitry.

    Macintosh startup tones

    Tones Error
    Error Tone. (two sets of different tones) Problem with logic board or SCSI bus.
    Startup tone, drive spins, no video Problem with video controller.
    Powers on, no tone. Logic board problem.
    High Tone, four higher tones. Problem with SIMM.

    Phoenix BIOS beep codes

    Below are the beep codes for Phoenix BIOS Q3.07 OR 4.X

    Beep Code Description / What to Check
    1-1-1-3 Verify Real Mode.
    1-1-2-1 Get CPU type.
    1-1-2-3 Initialize system hardware.
    1-1-3-1 Initialize chipset registers with initial POST values.
    1-1-3-2 Set in POST flag.
    1-1-3-3 Initialize CPU registers.
    1-1-4-1 Initialize cache to initial POST values.
    1-1-4-3 Initialize I/O.
    1-2-1-1 Initialize Power Management.
    1-2-1-2 Load alternate registers with initial POST values.
    1-2-1-3 Jump to UserPatch0.
    1-2-2-1 Initialize keyboard controller.
    1-2-2-3 BIOS ROM checksum.
    1-2-3-1 8254 timer initialization.
    1-2-3-3 8237 DMA controller initialization.
    1-2-4-1 Reset Programmable Interrupt Controller.
    1-3-1-1 Test DRAM refresh.
    1-3-1-3 Test 8742 Keyboard Controller.
    1-3-2-1 Set ES segment to register to 4 GB.
    1-3-3-1 28 Autosize DRAM.
    1-3-3-3 Clear 512K base RAM.
    1-3-4-1 Test 512 base address lines.
    1-3-4-3 Test 512K base memory.
    1-4-1-3 Test CPU bus-clock frequency.
    1-4-2-4 Reinitialize the chipset.
    1-4-3-1 Shadow system BIOS ROM.
    1-4-3-2 Reinitialize the cache.
    1-4-3-3 Autosize cache.
    1-4-4-1 Configure advanced chipset registers.
    1-4-4-2 Load alternate registers with CMOS values.
    2-1-1-1 Set Initial CPU speed.
    2-1-1-3 Initialize interrupt vectors.
    2-1-2-1 Initialize BIOS interrupts.
    2-1-2-3 Check ROM copyright notice.
    2-1-2-4 Initialize manager for PCI Options ROMs.
    2-1-3-1 Check video configuration against CMOS.
    2-1-3-2 Initialize PCI bus and devices.
    2-1-3-3 Initialize all video adapters in system.
    2-1-4-1 Shadow video BIOS ROM.
    2-1-4-3 Display copyright notice.
    2-2-1-1 Display CPU type and speed.
    2-2-1-3 Test keyboard.
    2-2-2-1 Set key click if enabled.
    2-2-2-3 56 Enable keyboard.
    2-2-3-1 Test for unexpected interrupts.
    2-2-3-3 Display prompt Press F2 to enter SETUP.
    2-2-4-1 Test RAM between 512 and 640k.
    2-3-1-1 Test expanded memory.
    2-3-1-3 Test extended memory address lines.
    2-3-2-1 Jump to UserPatch1.
    2-3-2-3 Configure advanced cache registers.
    2-3-3-1 Enable external and CPU caches.
    2-3-3-3 Display external cache size.
    2-3-4-1 Display shadow message.
    2-3-4-3 Display non-disposable segments.
    2-4-1-1 Display error messages.
    2-4-1-3 Check for configuration errors.
    2-4-2-1 Test real-time clock.
    2-4-2-3 Check for keyboard errors
    2-4-4-1 Set up hardware interrupts vectors.
    2-4-4-3 Test coprocessor if present.
    3-1-1-1 Disable onboard I/O ports.
    3-1-1-3 Detect and install external RS232 ports.
    3-1-2-1 Detect and install external parallel ports.
    3-1-2-3 Re-initialize onboard I/O ports.
    3-1-3-1 Initialize BIOS Data Area.
    3-1-3-3 Initialize Extended BIOS Data Area.
    3-1-4-1 Initialize floppy controller.
    3-2-1-1 Initialize hard-disk controller.
    3-2-1-2 Initialize local-bus hard-disk controller.
    3-2-1-3 Jump to UserPatch2.
    3-2-2-1 Disable A20 address line.
    3-2-2-3 Clear huge ES segment register.
    3-2-3-1 Search for option ROMs.
    3-2-3-3 Shadow option ROMs.
    3-2-4-1 Set up Power Management.
    3-2-4-3 Enable hardware interrupts.
    3-3-1-1 Set time of day.
    3-3-1-3 Check key lock.
    3-3-3-1 Erase F2 prompt.
    3-3-3-3 Scan for F2 key stroke.
    3-3-4-1 Enter SETUP.
    3-3-4-3 Clear in-POST flag.
    3-4-1-1 Check for errors
    3-4-1-3 POST done--prepare to boot operating system.
    3-4-2-1 One beep.
    3-4-2-3 Check password (optional).
    3-4-3-1 Clear global descriptor table.
    3-4-4-1 Clear parity checkers.
    3-4-4-3 Clear screen (optional).
    3-4-4-4 Check virus and backup reminders.
    4-1-1-1 Try to boot with INT 19.
    4-2-1-1 Interrupt handler error.
    4-2-1-3 Unknown interrupt error.
    4-2-2-1 Pending interrupt error.
    4-2-2-3 Initialize option ROM error.
    4-2-3-1 Shutdown error.
    4-2-3-3 Extended Block Move.
    4-2-4-1 Shutdown 10 error.
    4-3-1-3 Initialize the chipset.
    4-3-1-4 Initialize refresh counter.
    4-3-2-1 Check for Forced Flash.
    4-3-2-2 Check HW status of ROM.
    4-3-2-3 BIOS ROM is OK.
    4-3-2-4 Do a complete RAM test.
    4-3-3-1 Do OEM initialization.
    4-3-3-2 Initialize interrupt controller.
    4-3-3-3 Read in bootstrap code.
    4-3-3-4 Initialize all vectors.
    4-3-4-1 Boot the Flash program.
    4-3-4-2 Initialize the boot device.
    4-3-4-3 Boot code was read OK.
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  3. latcha

    latcha VIP PRO

    Aug 4, 2014
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